Statement by the Indonesian Delegation at the 21st Session of the Human Rights Council Agenda Item 3 (International Solidarity, Democracy, and Equitable Order)
September 17, 2012 Posted under Human Rights and Humanitarian Issues
Check against Delivery
Statement by the Indonesian Delegation
at the 21st Session of the Human Rights Council
Agenda Item 3
Interactive Dialogue with Independent Expert on International Solidarity
and Independent Expert on Democratic and Equitable International Order
Geneva, 12 September 2012
Allow me to first of all align align myself with the statement delivered by Pakistan on behalf of the OIC Group.
As a strong advocate of the two mandate holders, Indonesia appreaciates Ms. Dandan and Mr. de Zayaz for their comprehensive and detail reports. Their thorough and inclusive study and consultations have enabled us to have deeper understandings on the delicate notions of international solidarity and democratic and equitable international order. My delegation shares the need for further deliberations on these pertinent concepts.
On international solidarity, we note with appreciation Ms Dandan’s three stages of working structure of which its Stage One consists of the work done by her predecessor, the late Mr. Rudi Rizki. Her ongoing and future efforts will enable the submission of the draft declaration on the right of peoples and individuals to international solidarity to the Human Rights Council, in 2014.
We also welcome the recommendations derived from the 2011 Expert Workshop on Human Rights and International Solidarity, particularly the call for States to apply international solidarity in order to overcome the negative impacts of globalization. This is predominantly relevant in the midst of current global economic difficulty, while at the same time equally underlines the valid notion of international solidarity that goes beyond the international cooperation.
Ms. Dandan’s country study mission to Brazil has also highlighed some relevant characteristics of international solidarity, based on the existing practice of Brazilian international cooperation. These include request and need-based, no conditions imposed and non-profit orientation, as well as non-intervention, respect for sovereignty and self-determination. It also applies the understanding that cooperation as an exchange between equals, rather than an interaction between donor and recipient. These should guide us to the future draft declaration on the right of peoples and individuals to international solidarity.
In the same vein, Indonesia – including in the context of New Asia-Africa Strategic Partnership – promotes and developes South-South cooperation in various common areas such agriculture, disaster management, ecotourism, cultural exchanges, small and medium enterprises, public adminstration, aquaculture, and forestry.
On the issue of democratic and equitable international order, we note the initial report by the Independent Expert and share the challenges of conceptual and legal framework as well as epistemological, not only in the notion of democracy and equity but also on the nature of international order. We values a number of suggestions on related thematic studies, deriving from his consultations with various stakeholders.
My delegation fully concurs that a democratic international order is best secured by a growing number of democratic States and by the constant improvement of democratic institutions. As young democracy, Indonesia believes that while democracies share common features, there is no single model of democracy and that democracy does not belong to any country or region, and stresses the necessity of due respect for home-grown democratization process. Based on these premises, Indonesia launched the Bali Democracy Forum, serving as a platform for cooperation among countries in political development resulting in home-grown democracy.
On the issue of international order, we appreciate the IE’s comprehensive approach to look into the issue from the three pillars of development, peace and security, and human rights. We also share the chalenges facing in long-standing efforts to the realization of an international order that is more democratic and more equitable.
The United Nations reform process that has been delayed for many decades is the best and simple example on how delicate this effort is. While we are all agree that the General Assembly is considered the most democratic United Nations organ, allow me to ask the IE on how best we can approach and ensure the reform process toward a more democratic and more equitable of other UN organs?