Statement by H.E. Mr. R.M. Marty M. Natalegawa, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Indonesia at Session I- Opening Session: Strengthening the Implementation of the United Nations Global Counter Terrorism Strategy
June 13, 2013 Posted under Human Rights and Humanitarian Issues
Statement by H.E. Mr. R.M. Marty M. Natalegawa,
Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia
Session I- Opening Session: Strengthening the Implementation of the United Nations Global Counter Terrorism Strategy
International Counter-Terrorism Focal Points Conference on Addressing Conditions Conducive to the Spread of Terrorism
and Promoting Regional Cooperation
Geneva, 13 June 2013
Delivered on his behalf by H.E. Mr. Triyono Wibowo
Ambassador/Permanent Representative to the United Nations, WTO, and other International Organizations in Geneva
H.E. Mr. Didier Burkhalter, Vice-President of the Federal Council and Foreign Minister of Switzerland,
H.E. Mr. Jeffrey Feltman, Under-Secretary-General and Chairman of the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force Office of the United Nations,
H.E. Mr. Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva,
H.E. Ms. Navanethem Pillay, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights,
Excellencies, Ministers and Distinguished Delegates,
First of all, I would like to extend Foreign Minister Natalegawa’s regret for not being able to attend this August meeting since Indonesia is currently hosting the Forum for East Asia and Latin America Cooperation, in which Foreign Minister Natalegawa is chairing the meeting.
In this regard, I would like to deliver this statement on behalf of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.
Indonesia wishes to extend its deep appreciation to the Government of Switzerland together with United Nations Counter Terrorism Implementation Task Force (UN CTITF) for hosting this meeting.
This meeting is the final meeting from a series of regional workshops on the Implementation of the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy. The kick start meeting commenced in Bali, Indonesia in 2010. Then it continued in Addis Ababa, in Windhoek, in Dhaka, and finally here in Switzerland.
Indonesia is fortunate to be able host the first meeting.
To begin with, allow me to share some of the pertinent points from the 19 key findings that the Southeast Asia regional workshop has identified and presented as the conclusions of the workshop.
First and foremost, cooperation in countering terrorism should be continued and strengthened. Even though the terrorist network in Southeast Asia has suffered major setback as a result of our robust cooperation, nevertheless the threat persists. Therefore, in our region, we resolve to promote the cooperation under the framework of ASEAN Convention on Counter Terrorism.
Second, comprehensive approach to countering terrorism is a key. This includes addressing condition conducive to terrorism such as poverty, lack of education, social injustice, as well as some other conditions that could lead to radicalism and violent extremism. In light of this, the involvement of all related stakeholders is a must, including media, civil society, and religious leaders.
Third, Southeast Asia region emphasizes that the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy remains the most comprehensive and universally accepted strategy in the face of multilateralism. The UN GCTS lays down a framework for formulating comprehensive approach to counter terrorism, and the implementation of its four pillars in a thorough, balanced, and consistent manner, which is a key to its effectiveness. To implement the strategy, capacity building for relevant authorities is also essential.
Fourth, measures to eliminate terrorism should be carried out in full compliance with the rule of law and safeguarding human rights. While at the same time recognizing that community policing plays an important role in the prevention of terrorism. In this connection, building trust between law enforcement and the communities they served is essential for stirring the participation from local community in preventing terrorist cell from expanding.
Lastly, enhancing understanding and respect for cultural diversity, creating a culture of peace, as well as promoting interfaith dialogue at all level, particularly at the grassroots-level, can contribute to reduce intolerance that leads to violent extremism.
Although the workshop took place more than two years ago, however, the key findings are indeed still very relevant and pertinent to be implemented as the strategy to combat terrorism. Be it at the National level as well as for the elements for international cooperation.
And Indonesia is eager to hear other regional workshop’s conclusions, so that comprehensive knowledge in the prevention and combatting of terrorism is gained.
We do believe that strategy and measures to prevent and combat terrorism should be updated and be adapted with the current face and shape of terrorism today. Moreover, with the advancement of technology in the nowadays world, the terrorist groups are using the Internet and website to incite others to spread fundamentalism as well as to recruit new members.
Therefore, Excellencies, and Distinguished Delegates, all of us should be always vigilant to the threat of terrorism even though we have fought for it for more than a decade. The threat of terrorism persists, and terrorist groups are evolving and experiencing a rapid transformation in the way their cell operates, communicate, and raise their fund.
In light of that, we need to take the right policy and measures in order to defeat such defiant actions. As civilized society, we cannot tolerate this extraordinary crime which violates the rights to live, freedom from fear, and to a certain extent, generating divisiveness among civilizations.
We should not let them breed and left any room for them to grow.
Indonesia was once a victim.
The victim of violence caused by terrorist acts.
The victim of stereotyping caused by the small fraction of group in our society being infiltrated by terrorist, which claim acting under a certain religion.
But affirmative action to fight against terrorism was our decision.
We no longer want to live under fear and terror. Our society is much more developed and we cannot be easily broken.
Together we stand up and formulate right policy and efforts to combat terrorist group and cell.
And I could confirm You, Excellencies and Distinguished Delegates, that we have succeeded and we will continue our efforts to tackle this grave threat.
But we cannot deny that small incident appears. Therefore measures and cooperation to combat terrorism should be continued and strengthened now, and definitely in the years to come.
All international, regional, national, and local communities should simultaneously and continuously be part of the anti-terrorist movement.
In this regard, Your Excellency, allow me to update some of Indonesia’s latest efforts in combating and preventing the act of terrorism.
Our Special Detachment of 88 just recently thwarted an attempted bombing in Jakarta. Following that case, further investigation has led to a series of raids by the anti-terrorism force, on suspected terrorist cells in several provinces in Indonesia. From that, we had captured 30 suspected terrorists.
Moreover, as part of the law enforcement measures, from 2002 until April 2013, Indonesian authorities have arrested more than 800 terrorist suspects, and prosecuted more than 600 terror criminals.
Apart from our law enforcement measures in combatting terrorism, Indonesia is also taking a soft power approach for preventing the appeal of terrorism by having a robust program on de-radicalization and countering violent extremism. Led by the Indonesian National Counter Terrorism Agency, in collaboration with civil society, Non-Governmental Organizations and religious organizations, the program aims to de-radicalize extremist and terrorist, while countering violent extremism program could raise the awareness of the danger of extremist ideologies. Indonesia will also establish Deradicalization Centre as a knowledge-based centre for deradicalisation-related issues.
On capacity building program for law enforcement officers, Indonesia with the support from the Australian Government continues to strengthen the work through the Jakarta Center for Law Enforcement Cooperation (JCLEC). Since its establishment in 2004 until May 2013, JCLEC has conducted 565 courses and trained 13.440 participants from 68 countries in the Asia Pacific region and had 3.176 trainers or guest lecturers. The courses conducted at JCLEC mostly focus on the area of investigation management, financial investigation, intelligence analysis, chemical biological radiological nuclear (CBRN) programme, and forensic incident management.
We also believe that a strong National Legislation is pivotal for the development of comprehensive measures to combat terrorism. In light of this, Indonesia has a wide range of legislative measures in place to counter terrorism activities. Indonesia has established important legislative frameworks, namely the Anti-Terrorism Law No. 15/2003, the Anti-Money Laundering Law No. 8/2010, and the Prevention and the Suppression of Terrorist Financing Law No. 9/2013.
Indonesia’s newly enacted Law No. 9/2013 on the Prevention and the Suppression of Terrorist Financing, entered into force 13 March 2013, lays down a legal foundation for the implementation of the 1999 International Convention on the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism, as has been ratified by the Government of Indonesia in April 2006.
The legislation criminalises the financing of terrorism as an independent crime and the law provides mechanism for asset freezing of suspected terrorist.
In addition to our National efforts in combating and preventing terrorism, Indonesia has taken a robust cooperation, be it under the aegis of the United Nations or at another forum such as the Global Counter Terrorism Forum (GCTF) that was established in New York, 22 September 2011. This forum provides a framework to strengthen existing international cooperation in counter terrorism as well as to build new partnership and enhance institutional capacity and develop networks in the effort to counter terrorism.
Indonesia has also ratified seven International Instruments related to counter terrorism, and three more conventions are in the process of ratification.
Finally, Indonesia believes that several workshops that have been conducted in various regions on the implementation of the United Nations Global Counter Terrorism Strategy lay a foundation for us to continue our cooperation to enhance our capacity building to effectively implement the Strategies.
Therefore, Indonesia reaffirms our commitment on the importance of promoting cooperation under the framework of United Nations Global Counter Terrorism Strategy with other countries bilaterally, regionally as well as at the multilateral level.